Posted 2 years ago on Feb. 17, 2013, 2:11 a.m. EST by TrevorMnemonic
This content is user submitted and not an official statement
We all know 9 dollars an hour is bare bones struggle if you're an adult, especially if you live in a big city like New York City, or have a kid, or if you work a part time job.
First I will explain the obvious. Why do major businesses and corporations have part time work when full time work is available? Answer: In their eyes, if you have one full time employee that also gets benefits, why not replace that employee with 2 part time workers with no benefits and pay out bonuses to CEOs and other higher ups instead. It is also another way for corporations to bust unions, particularly in "right-to-work" states.
A common reason someone has a part time job is often due to the fact that they are unable to find a full time job. In this economy with corporate trends ranging from replacing full time work with part time work, to outsourcing, to replacing workers with robotics, to replacing them with the internet, etc - all in the name of bonuses for CEO's and other higher up's - part time jobs are often all that is available to many workers.
2 Common Forms of Part Time Worker Exploitation -
If someone can only find part time work, it is common for them to work multiple part time jobs, having them working much more than 40 hours a week. Stephen works for Corporation A. This corporation is only hiring part time workers at the moment. Stephen would like to work full time at 40 hours a week, and full time work at this corporation is possible, but this corporation is cutting back on full time workers and replacing them with part time workers, so they can pay CEO bonuses and make profits for shareholders. Stephen needs to bring in more income to pay his rent and his bills so he gets a second part time job at Corporation B and this corporation has the same policies. Corporation A and B both need Stephen to work 30 hours a week at their corporations. Stephen is now working 60 hours a week without benefits and no over time pay. Stephen is still unable to find a full time job and he barely gets to see his kids or spend time with his wife.
Laura has a part time job in her profession that she went to college for... One day she will get promoted... It could be in a couple years, maybe 10. She is still trying to find a full time job in her profession. Laura only has this 1 part time job, one that varies her hours and days. On the premise of potentially being promoted to full time, or not being able to find another part time job that can fit her varying work schedule, she is only able to work 30 hours a week. This corporation could hire her full time, but the corporation she works for has administered polices of cutting back full time workers and replacing them with part time workers to avoid paying benefits, so they can pay bonuses to CEOs and shareholders. At 30 hours a week Laura is unable to get ahead on bills. She has college loans and rent eating her paychecks. Laura is not able to work 2 full time jobs at 60 hours a week like Stephen because she is a single mother of 2 kids. Her 2 kids are her pride and joy, and they are worth the high price they carry, a much higher price since her husband ran out on her and doesn't pay child support. Laura has been looking for full time work for 2 years.
I like the MIT standards on their living wage calculator, but their calculator doesn't factor in what was mentioned of Laura and Stephen.
Part time jobs should have a higher minimum wage than full time jobs to make up for the exploitation listed above. I think this wage difference would provide incentive for corporations to provide better full time work and help out part time workers getting screwed over by bogus corporate policies. Policies designed to bust unions in "right-to-work" states and pay bonuses to CEOs and shareholders instead of paying benefits and overtime to workers.
MIT living wage calculator - click your state and county and find out what their rate is for you. It varies per state - http://livingwage.mit.edu/
Should Part Time Jobs Have a Higher Minimum Wage Than Full Time Jobs? What Should the Difference Be?