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Forum Post: Infectious disease insurgencies

Posted 3 months ago on July 26, 2014, 8:50 a.m. EST by grapes (3261)
This content is user submitted and not an official statement

Infectious diseases have made strong comebacks but our defenses such as antibiotics are dwindling. In this jet age, the citizens of Netherlands turned out to be right on top of warring Eastern Ukraine and were murdered. We are all targets of the infectious disease insurgencies spread globally sometimes at jet speeds. Deadly Ebola flies to Nigeria.

What can we do? What should we do to prevent pandemics?

100 Comments

100 Comments


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[-] 2 points by StillModestCapitalist (420) 1 week ago

The developed world has far less to fear because of our easy access to clean water and modern sanitation practices. However, we should enact new guidelines here in America DRASTICALLY reducing our use of antibiotics. They should be reserved exclusively for cases where the patient is unable to recover from a life threatening condition without them. I'm aware of the grey area here but doctors have been prescribing antibiotics for minor skin infections, simple colds, and other minor ailments for many years. Their unnecessary use weakens the body's natural immune system and they promote the development of antibiotic resistant strains.

The guidelines should be changed for virtually all drugs on the market.

The undeveloped world would benefit from abundant supplies of clean water, indoor plumbing, better sanitation practices, and birth control to reduce the high density of many populations. These improvements would work much greater wonders than any medical intervention. Not that I'm against basic healthcare. I'm not. It's vital. But the keyword there is 'basic'. As I explained in the first paragraph, too much is no good.

Sorry grapes. I know beyond any shadow of a doubt that you were hoping for an answer more beneficial to the healthcare industry. You won't get it from me. That industry has become a disgusting bloated pig.

[-] 1 points by grapes (3261) 1 week ago

I agree with all that you have written but restrictions should be somewhat flexible. Regarding the bloated pig part, both China and India lifted hundreds of millions of people out of poverty. They attended to public health and traded with the U.S. ALL other countries spend less per capita than the U.S. on medical care. The problem with the U.S. is that its medical care industry is NOT, I repeat, NOT a HEALTH care industry. Japan spends much less than the U.S. and has far better outcome, not to mention Canada just next door with the same British heritage on the same continent.

We spend the most but we come in so-so in outcome. Our minds have been screwed by this "rich, fertile," white-Negro crap. The land of the Louisiana Purchase was disease-ridden, too. Our forefathers tamed it because they believed that they could! We had malaria, typhoid fever, yellow fever, etc. even in New York City but we did PUBLIC works and PUBLIC health and the diseases were tamed. Another example is Singapore. It is very tropical like Africa but they did PUBLIC works and PUBLIC health and traded with the U.S.

In the beginning, all were 100% poor but that was and still is being whittled away. A bloated pig is good for the slaughter yielding much pork! How about Medicare expansion to cover basic health care? The U.S. is still the one-and-only country in the developed world which has no national health care coverage for all of its citizens.

[-] 2 points by StillModestCapitalist (420) 1 week ago

It's nice to find unexpected common ground with you.

[-] 1 points by grapes (3261) 1 week ago

We are all humans and despite the idiotic racial myths we are all Africans. Hell hole Africa was but like New York City, Singapore, etc., Africa does NOT have to stay a hell hole.

[-] 1 points by StillModestCapitalist (420) 1 week ago

I realize that we are all Africans but the homeland of our ancestors was not dealt a good hand by Mother Nature. I'm aware of the somewhat prosperous regions but in general, Africa is hot, dry, and short on fresh water. Otherwise, with it's oldest populous, the oldest on Earth, it would have become the most developed country on Earth.

[-] 3 points by Renneye (4004) 1 week ago

Africa has massive amounts of underground water reservoirs found recently. Estimated to be enough for 9 billion people. There is much investment, interference and chaos by the 0.01% in Africa in recent years. Funny how that works, isn't it? :-/

http://occupywallst.org/forum/huge-water-resource-found-in-africa-world-bank-ste/

http://www.greenoptimistic.com/2012/04/24/africa-underground-water-reserve/#.VD_1krDF_CY

https://www.google.ca/search?q=africa+underground+water&oq=africa+underground+water&aqs=chrome..69i57.8055j0j9&sourceid=chrome&es_sm=93&ie=UTF-8

[-] 3 points by StillModestCapitalist (420) 1 week ago

Thanks for the info. I hope for the sake of those masses that someday they gain easy access to that underground water.

[-] 5 points by Renneye (4004) 1 week ago

That won't happen until the ruling oligarchs have completed their various methods to destabilize the critical regions and swoop in for total control of those resources. Capitalist exploitation maximus. Until then, every excuse in the book will be hammered into the collective conscious via MSM indoctrination, to be eaten breakfast, lunch and dinner... as to all the reasons that the water is inaccessible. Yawn - isn't Honey Boo-Boo on soon?

[-] 5 points by turbocharger (1445) 1 week ago

Wasn't Ghadaffi in the process of building an aquaduct for the people before Obomber and the Dems came in and wrecked the entire country?

[-] 7 points by Renneye (4004) 1 week ago

Yep. He was doing it, too. Well on it's way. Nato blew it to pieces, saying it housed weapons.

Ghaddafi was ahead of his time. He provided the people with many things we don't have in North America. The West's propaganda machine worked overtime on Gaddafi.

Under Gaddafi:

  1. There is no electricity bill in Libya; electricity is free for all its citizens.

  2. There is no interest on loans, banks in Libya are state-owned and loans given to all its citizens at zero percent interest by law.

  3. Having a home considered a human right in Libya.

  4. All newlyweds in Libya receive $60,000 dinar (U.S.$50,000) by the government to buy their first apartment so to help start up the family.

  5. Education and medical treatments are free in Libya. Before Gaddafi only 25 percent of Libyans were literate. Today, the figure is 83 percent.

  6. Should Libyans want to take up farming career, they would receive farming land, a farming house, equipments, seeds and livestock to kickstart their farms are all for free.

  7. If Libyans cannot find the education or medical facilities they need, the government funds them to go abroad, for it is not only paid for, but they get a U.S.$2,300/month for accommodation and car allowance.

  8. If a Libyan buys a car, the government subsidizes 50 percent of the price.

  9. The price of petrol in Libya is $0.14 per liter.

  10. Libya has no external debt and its reserves amounting to $150 billion are now frozen globally.

  11. If a Libyan is unable to get employment after graduation the state would pay the average salary of the profession, as if he or she is employed, until employment is found.

  12. A portion of every Libyan oil sale is credited directly to the bank accounts of all Libyan citizens.

  13. A mother who gives birth to a child receive U.S.$5,000.

  14. 40 loaves of bread in Libya costs $0.15.

  15. 25 percent of Libyans have a university degree.

  16. Gaddafi carried out the world’s largest irrigation project, known as the Great Manmade River project, to make water readily available throughout the desert country.

  17. Women’s Rights: Under Gaddafi, gender discrimination was officially banned and the literacy rate for women climbed to 83 per cent. The rights of Black’s were also improved.

To add to problems now facing those in Libya are the tons of DU dropped on them by US/NATO forces.

There was no DU before to make people sick, so now there will be numerous health problems never before seen in Libya.

  1. Libya is Africa’s largest exporter of oil, 1.7 million tons a day, which quickly was reduced to 300-400,000 ton due to US-NATO bombing.

Libya exports 80% of its oil: 80% of that to several EU lands (32% Italy, 14% Germany, 10% France); 10% China; 5% USA.

  1. Gaddafi has been preparing to launch a gold dinar for oil trade with all of Africa’s 200 million people and other countries interested. French President Nickola Sarkozi called this, “a threat for financial security of mankind”. Much of France’s wealth—more than any other colonial-imperialist power—comes from exploiting Africa.

  2. Central Bank of Libya is 100% owned by state (since 1956) and is thus outside of multinational corporation control (BIS-Banking International Settlement rules for private interests). The state can finance its own projects and do so without interest rates

  3. Gaddafi-Central Bank used $33 billion, without interest rates, to build the Great Man-Made River of 3,750 kilometers with three parallel pipelines running oil, gas and water supplying 70% of the people (4.5 of its 6 million) with clean drinking and irrigation water.

  4. The Central Bank also financed Africa’s first communication satellite with $300 million of the $377 cost. It started up for all Africa, December 26, 2007, thus saving the 45-African nations an annual fee of $500 million pocketed by Europe for use of its satellites and this means much less cost for telephones and other communication systems.

Some of the numbers above vary a bit from web site to web site but all are relatively close.

Great Man made River Project Libya Absolutely Amazing

The Great Man-Made River is a network of pipes that supplies water from the Sahara Desert in Libya, from the Nubian Sandstone Aquifer System fossil aquifer. Some sources cite it as the largest engineering project ever undertaken.

The Guinness World Records 2008 book has acknowledged this as the world’s largest irrigation project.

According to its website, it is the largest underground network of pipes and aqueducts in the world. It consists of more than 1300 wells, most more than 500 m deep, and supplies 6,500,000 m³ of freshwater per day to the cities of Tripoli, Benghazi, Sirt and elsewhere. Muammar al-Gaddafi has described it as the “Eighth Wonder of the World.

[-] 3 points by turbocharger (1445) 1 week ago

Thats quite a list!

[-] 3 points by StillModestCapitalist (420) 1 week ago

Sometimes, the injustice is enough to make me wish, just for a second, that a giant comet would smash into the Earth and render every human equal once and for all.

[-] 4 points by turbocharger (1445) 1 week ago

Over time you are going to get the same inequality in areas simply because people all prioritize different things.

If you prioritize partying, you are going to have a ton more stories than everyone else. Traveling? Lots more places. Smart kids? Your kids are probably going to get into better schools than others.

People make choices over the course of life, and usually there is one thing they kind of dedicate themselves to. Like activism. There's activists in Tampa that make someone like me look like a chump in terms of effort, but that is their #1 priority.

Same with money. If you make making money - and saving it instead of spending it on flat screen tvs and new shoes- your top priority, you are probably going to end up with a lot more of it from the time of 20 yr old to 50 yr old.

[-] 2 points by StillModestCapitalist (420) 1 week ago

Your points are excellent. But it's the level of injustice regarding prosperity and access to it's life sustaining benefits that infuriates me. My only concerns regarding the fluffy benefits of prosperity are those related to the concentrated buying power and the excessive consumption of resources that a few of those fluffy benefits represent.

When some have too much, others will have too little. This will be true until the day our planet turns into a giant cupcake.

[-] 1 points by grapes (3261) 1 week ago

Africa is vast. There are hot dry places as well as hot wet places and many other types of places. It is not Mother Nature that condemned Africa to poverty. In the beginning, ALL are poor but the Nile made Egypt rise as one of the earliest civilizations. Similarly, West Africa also had early prosperous civilization. Great populations did NOT just sprout from nothing. They are a kind of cumulative score card over time of how well the needs of the peoples were attended to. Numerous and prosperous rhyme for good reasons.

Development requires human efforts and imaginations in a background of peace. Africa was not left alone by European colonists.

[-] 1 points by StillModestCapitalist (420) 1 week ago

Then why weren't the Africans slaughtered for their land instead of the Native Americans?

I'll tell you why. Comfortable climate, fertile land, and fresh water.

I'm not discounting your factors but regardless of effort, one can not score a home run with a rubber bat.

[-] 1 points by grapes (3261) 1 week ago

Africans were NOT slaughtered for their land instead of the Native Americans because of your ignorance. The U.S. will also have your protection against infectious diseases. God bless America!

[-] 2 points by StillModestCapitalist (420) 1 week ago

How about a straight answer? Why weren't the Africans slaughtered for their land instead of the Native Americans ?

It's not 'my' protection. We have been dealt the greatest hand on Earth by Mother Nature. Otherwise we never would have become the well developed Super Power we are today.

In America, you are far more likely to get hit by a car than you are to contract Ebola. It's true now. It will be true until the fall of modern society. Which by the way, will come courtesy of greed. Not Ebola.

[-] 1 points by grapes (3261) 1 week ago

The straight answer is that Africans were ALSO slaughtered for their land by the Europeans but the "American" school system churned out ignoramus of world history.

To a degree you are right that nature dealt the U.S. a good hand. The vast Mississippi Valley has NO gold. "Less is more" is at work here. The same applied to Costa Rica. Gold was found in California so that provided impetus to realize our "Manifest Destiny" only after the Mississippi Valley had been settled and worked on. Natural resources can be a curse to any country if there are greedy ones nearby. Yes, we need to kill or at least put greed on a strong leash.

[-] 1 points by StillModestCapitalist (420) 1 week ago

What approximate percentage of the African population was slaughtered for their land and what approximate percentage of that African land became occupied instead, primarily by people of European decent?

Perhaps it's just the churned out view of an American ignoramus but I do believe that a slightly higher percentage of Native Americans were slaughtered for their land and that a slightly higher percentage of that land became occupied instead, primarily by the white man. In fact, I do believe both percentages to have reached very high double digits before the slaughtering was done. In the view of this ignoramus, America became primarily white as a result.

Now how about those African percentages? Did Africa become primarily white also?

I wasn't referring to pretty material good for nothing but looking pretty and conducting electricity. I was referring to our comfortable climate, our fertile land, and the largest supply of fresh water in the world. In the view of this ignoramus, life sustaining conditions and resources benefit the human race a bit more than gold.

[-] 1 points by grapes (3261) 1 week ago

I cannot account for the percentages of Africans slaughtered because Africa was invaded in so many different places by so many different European powers. Also at that time, there was not the census of African population which existed as various tribes. The European powers also fought each other in Africa using African troops of their colonies. They got killed by other Africans as well as other Europeans. Nonetheless, there were slaughters. South Africa was blessed but actually cursed for having ample natural resources of gold and diamonds. It is indeed true that there were wars such as Anglo-Zulu War, Boer Wars, etc.

The U.S. became predominantly white because of European immigration. Europeans never emigrated greatly to Africa except in South Africa because of Africa's tropical diseases and great desert. Their livelihood model did not fit Africa. For the U.S., the European livelihood model worked due to the climate derived from latitude. Besides, the U.S. used chemical weapons to conquer many diseases, including tropical ones in the Canal Zone.

The vast Mississippi Valley virtually had the sign over it that says, "Greed shall not enter. Work makes freedom." When the ancient aquifers' water is used up, the bread basket of the Mid-West will become empty. It was an advantage because the valley was sparsely populated by the native Americans. The U.S. was prone to avarice, too, if nature gave it the chance. California was annexed from Mexico probably due to the discovery of gold there.

[-] 2 points by StillModestCapitalist (420) 1 week ago

I said, "Then why weren't the Africans slaughtered for their land instead of the Native Americans?

I'll tell you why. Comfortable climate, fertile land, and fresh water."

You said, "Africans were NOT slaughtered for their land instead of the Native Americans because of your ignorance."

When I requested a straight answer, you said, "The straight answer is that Africans were ALSO slaughtered for their land by the Europeans but the "American" school system churned out ignoramus of world history."

When I requested that you compare the relevant percentages, you FINALLY conceded my point by saying, "Europeans never emigrated greatly to Africa except in South Africa because of Africa's tropical diseases and great desert. Their livelihood model did not fit Africa. For the U.S., the European livelihood model worked due to the climate derived from latitude."

In other words, the land of Africa wasn't worth the trouble because of the UNcomfortable climate and INfertile land. The land of America was . That was my point to begin with.

and you still forgot to mention the supply of fresh water.

Shady politician-like debate tactics there grapes. Very shady.

[-] 1 points by grapes (3261) 1 week ago

You are too ethnocentric. Comfort and fertility of a place are relative to the technological capabilities of the inhabitants. West Africa has great population because they have the means of sustaining the peoples there. It was not populated by Europeans because Europeans had not gone through genetic/tropical disease cullings en masse. They had died like flies and prudently got the message not to colonize there (the West Africans were genetically superior to the Europeans - "survival of the fittest" as some would mutter! Oh my God, they are at this moment pulling way ahead of the U.S. in Ebola immunity but our GREAT GREAT GREAT BIG BROTHER Texass is shielding us from this great embarrassment with its big ass. We at this moment got r_0 = 2, matching West Africa's and soon enough the U.S. will pull ahead beyond 2 in the next week. U.S.Ass #1 forever!).

Louisiana had tropical diseases like West Africa, too, but it became a part of the technologically capable U.S. which tamed the diseases with chemical weapons and modern medicine. The prairies were ideally suitable for European farming culture. The bisons and the cattle are not greatly different in their diets.

Both you and I will probably have great trouble living in the arctic like the Inuits but for the Inuits, the arctic feels like Home. CULTURE MATTERS! Deep down inside, every human being is a NAKED APE. In our natural state of nakedness, Africa was the most suitable as our home because it is warm enough. We seem to be designed for long-distance running in hot climate, with our almost-all-body liquid-and-evaporative-cooling system, highly efficient bipedal locomotion, and protein fibrous sun shield on top.

The Great Lakes, the Missouri, Mississippi, Ohio, Tennesse, Columbia rivers all provide much fresh water but Africa also has ample fresh water in certain areas, too. Name or locate for me three great rivers, two lakes, and a glacier of Africa.

[-] 1 points by StillModestCapitalist (420) 4 days ago

I've already acknowledged the regions of prosperity within Africa. Still, in general, it is hot and dry. By comparison, the United States are paradise.

I'm not here to play Jeopardy with you. If you insist on downplaying the profound geographical differences between the two countries, in particular, those which made this land worth stealing from the Native Americans, then go ahead. I can't stop you. But keep this in mind:

Those profound differences, in large part, led me to guarantee with absolute certainty, that Ebola in the US will never spread anywhere near as easily as it does in Africa.

My related points are being proven as we type.

There will be no Ebola pandemic anywhere in the United States. Not in the West. Not in the South. Not in Texas, Ohio, Louisiana or any other state.

IT WILL NOT HAPPEN.

[-] 2 points by beautifulworld (21444) 4 weeks ago

3,000 Dead: "Ebola Death Toll In West Africa Passes 3,000: WHO"

http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2014/09/26/ebola-death-toll-west-africa_n_5890060.html

This is the number one crisis in the world right now.

[-] 0 points by grapes (3261) 4 weeks ago

It is growing exponentially, roughly doubling every three weeks. If the rate of new infections per infected case does not come down for a few months, nearly half of us may die from it. Awesome things such as bomb explosions, lasers, nuclear detonations, etc. follow exponential growths for a while. Russia IS Nuclear Armed as Putin said so it knows how to deal with exponential growths and we should be looking for Russian guidance.

The good thing is that there are few transmissions occurring outside of West Africa implying that the healthcare capabilities of many countries are up to the task of containing Ebola Virus Disease for now (but NOTHING can withstand exponential growths for long). A really scary possibility is that Ebola-Zaire mutates to transmit through the air like influenza (a different strain of Ebola, Ebola-Reston, now no longer classified under Ebola, already did in monkeys but it seemed to be incapable of human-to-human transmission). If that should occur, it would be Apocalypse!

[-] 5 points by beautifulworld (21444) 3 weeks ago

Ebola is a much bigger threat to humanity than any terrorist group.

[-] 2 points by grapes (3261) 3 weeks ago

9/23 WHO data had ~3000 dead. If we assume the observed exponential growth rate to continue for a few months, there will be 6000 dead after 3 weeks, 12000 after 6 weeks, 24000 after 9 weeks, 48000 after 12 weeks, 96000 after 15 weeks, 192000 after 18 weeks, 384000 after 21 weeks, 768000 after 24 weeks, and 1536000 after 27 weeks.

By March 31st, 2015, 27 weeks from 9/23/2014 , or about 6 months from now, Ebola Virus Disease may have killed 1,536,000 people. Something has got to give (way).

[-] 1 points by StillModestCapitalist (420) 1 week ago

You forgot to cut that growth factor by 95-99.9% for the developed world. Easy access to clean water, lighter population density, and modern sanitation practices change everything.

[-] 1 points by grapes (3261) 1 week ago

This is precisely the complacency that doomed West Africa. Unfortunately, it may well be true that there will be huge number of Ebola cases in West Africa so we will have to fight an eternal war against Ebola worldwide. Europe will definitely have Ebola so will the U.S. If we do not want to live in a BSL-4 country in the future, we need to contain Ebola in Africa today.

It pays to fight an exponential growth curve in its early stage at its source.

[-] 1 points by StillModestCapitalist (420) 1 week ago

I have no problem fighting hard to contain Ebola in Africa. But not because I'm afraid of it infecting the world. Because it's the right thing to do.

[-] 1 points by grapes (3261) 1 week ago

The Texas hospital's readiness to handle Ebola has so far got r_0 = 2 matching West Africa's number. It is far better to have J.R. Ewing in West Africa than in Dallas again.

[-] 1 points by MattHolck0 (1729) 3 weeks ago

inner human violence is a threat to mutual cooperation

[-] 0 points by DKAtoday (26046) from Coon Rapids, MN 3 weeks ago

[ edit ] But - also - every single peace and health loving individual should be against every single terrorist and terrorist group in the same way that they should be against Ebola.

edit-> People - keep in mind that terrorist groups can be governments and corp(se)oRATions as well as they can be religious fanatics.

[-] 2 points by MattHolck0 (1729) 4 weeks ago

could be

though we haven't had a highly contagious plague for decades

[-] 1 points by grapes (3261) 4 weeks ago

If there is one thing that may very well save us, it is that our emergency rooms are required by law to treat the patients regardless of the ability to pay.

There is little financial incentive for the very sick people not to go to the emergency rooms. That will guarantee a very high rate of needed isolation, probably enough to contain the disease, as long as the number of cases does not grow too fast to overwhelm the healthcare capacity.

[-] 1 points by StillModestCapitalist (420) 1 week ago

It won't. Period.

[-] 1 points by grapes (3261) 1 week ago

Did you read about the Ebola-Reston article above? In the article, Reston virus tested positive for Ebola-Zaire which is the strain raging out-of-control in West Africa right now. As for whether Reston spread airborne or not, you should see for yourself. My judgment was that it did go airborne because there were large number of monkey deaths and the monkeys were housed in separate cages. The chance for a pandemic may be small but it is NOT zero, especially after Nature gives us hundreds of thousands or millions of human incubation vats going concurrently in Africa - all it takes is one unlucky mutation. For nearly four decades, Ebola was geographically confined by its high mortality rates and occurrences in remote areas but it has escaped those restrictions and ravaged CITIES! The Ebola death rate seems to have come down from its early days but the reproduction rate seems to have increased. Increasing reproduction rate makes a pandemic possible.

[-] 1 points by StillModestCapitalist (420) 1 week ago

There is no guarantee that published data and statistics are accurate. I have my doubts.

[-] 1 points by grapes (3261) 1 week ago

The data and statistics sound like they were gathered and organized by someone leasing in Reston. Although novices at reporting can mess up data and statistics because they are reporting second-hand, the amount of details expressed indicates an earnestness to get them right.

If you do not believe in data and statistics, what do you believe? Myths? Fairy Tales? "I did not inhale"? "that woman"? "improper relationship"? "no weapons of mass destruction"? "due to that derogatory video"? "rich, fertile U.S. will not get Ebola"? "Ebola is not airborne"? "Ebola does not spread by sitting next to someone on a bus"?

[-] 1 points by StillModestCapitalist (420) 1 week ago

I believe in data and statistics but I also know from human nature, the REAL epidemic of greed, mountains of evidence and some actual confirmations that data and statistics are sometimes falsified or exaggerated for politics or profit (one in the same).

For example, I believe in Anthropogenic Global Warming but I also believe that Al Gore exaggerated it in order to sell his 'carbon credits' and reap MAXIMUM PROFIT.

I have no issue with human error. It happens.

[-] 1 points by grapes (3261) 1 week ago

To err is human but to do worse than last time is unamerican.

[-] -2 points by DKAtoday (26046) from Coon Rapids, MN 1 week ago

My judgment was that it did go airborne

Medical anthropologists address Ebola fearmongering

[-] 2 points by grapes (3261) 4 weeks ago

Regarding: A professor in U.S. is telling Liberians that the Defense Department ‘manufactured’ Ebola

The U.S. Department of Defense does NOT 'manufacture' Ebola. Its mission requires its conducting research into how to defend against many kinds of potential weapons of mass destruction, including the Ebola virus. The goals are vaccines and antidotes, primarily for the service personnel engaged in frontline combat. In the 2003 invasion of Iraq, the personnel were vaccinated to protect them against the potential weapons of mass destruction. (Okay, the U.S. commanding intelligence about Iraq really sucked but the vaccinations showed why the U.S. conducts research into vaccines and antidotes of deadly diseases and how they had actually been used.)

Both Cuba and China are more trusted in West Africa than the U.S. and they are fighting Ebola Virus Disease there, just as U.S. NGOs, CDC, USAID were and the U.S. Defense Department will. Check out their involvements. Also ask the former President Lula of Brazil about whether the U.S. can be trusted to fight Ebola Virus Disease in West Africa.

[-] 2 points by JackHall (412) 2 months ago

Doctors Without Borders has described the Ebola epidemic sweeping across West Africa as “out of control.” The Ebola virus, which is fatal in 90 percent of cases, has killed more than 670 people in West Africa and spread to 60 locations in four countries. The obstacles to bringing the virus under control are formidable, among them a shortage of medical resources and resistance from local communities terrified by a disease they do not understand.

The current outbreak began in Guinea in March. Sierra Leone is now the epicenter of the epidemic. The situation is deteriorating rapidly in Liberia. On Friday, a man died of an Ebola infection in Lagos, Nigeria.

Nurses and doctors are also falling victim to the disease. Two American aid workers have tested positive, and a doctor at Liberia’s largest hospital, the John F. Kennedy Memorial Medical Center in Monrovia, has died of the disease. The virus is amplified by a mobile population, especially across the shared borders between Guinea, Sierra Leone and Liberia. In the Nigerian case, the infected victim entered on a passenger flight from Liberia. The World Health Organization and the Nigerian government have shut down the hospital where the man died, and other passengers on the flight are being tracked down and tested.

The Ebola Outbreak

http://www.nytimes.com/2014/07/30/opinion/the-ebola-outbreak.html?_r=0

[-] 2 points by grapes (3261) 2 months ago

The West African region needs to impose no-fly restrictions on anyone running a fever or exhibiting sickness symptoms. SARS, MERS, and West Nile all spread to North America by passengers on jets. Curbing the spread at the sources are the most cost-efficient way to prevent the spreading. The lower the dimensionality of the containment zone, the easier it is to contain the spreading (flying zone is three dimensional; country quarantine zones are two dimensional; funneling traffic onto a single road is one dimensional).

The big challenge this time with Ebola (which has erupted sporadically since 1976) is that it appears in densely populated areas where people are both well connected and mobile. Nigeria has the largest population in Africa. NYC people fit the description of well connected and mobile, too.

[-] 1 points by StillModestCapitalist (420) 1 week ago

The profound differences being that clean water is abundant in NYC and the sanitation practices are modern enough to compensate for the population density. These two factors alone change everything.

[-] 1 points by grapes (3261) 1 week ago

Yes, but remember that it is our forebears who had the Will to undertake a major infrastructure project that blessed us in NYC with abundant clean water. Without this PUBLIC works engineering feat, NYC would have stayed a disease-ridden hell hole.

Ancient Rome offered an example, too. Rome could not have become the capital of the Empire if it did not solve its clean-water problem. Romans invented indoor plumbings, aqueducts, and base-centrally-heated Roman baths. They were engineers who attended to mundane creature comforts.

My ancestor beheld the "Greatness of America" in its PUBLIC toilet's Running Hot Water! It must have been an epiphany.

[Removed]

[-] 2 points by pigeonlady (201) from Brooklyn, NY 3 months ago

Don't go to Brooklyn Hospital. Most of the staff there do not sanitize, wash, or glove, especially the Caribbeans. I've argued with nurses who say they showered yesterday, that means they're 'clean', and you don't wash your hands unless you're dirty!! Use the restroom at the same time and you'll see what I mean. They're so busy socializing and picking up coworkers they don't do the basics. As a former 'bubble' candidate my susceptibility makes 'small' things like that of great hazard to me personally. Paramedics are inexplicably cleaner, and always wash! They're handling the same people, in contact with the same germs, they just are more cautious and don't think they're so holy they are exempt from the rules of nature and physics. All attending medics are to wash between every patient or wear the gdamn gloves, and change them in between each contact. But they don't. Any patient is within their rights to ask a doctor or nurse if they washed after the last patient. Caveat emptor, buyer beware. We or our insurance are paying to be made sick!!

[-] 2 points by grapes (3261) 2 months ago

I have just thought of the Hindu "handshake" which can be great for greeting people without passing germs through contact. Putting your two hands together right in front of your chest as if you are praying and a little nod of your head show a welcome and respect with no contact. If the Westerners do not change their handshaking custom fast, maybe the Hindus will inherit the world.

[-] 2 points by StillModestCapitalist (420) 1 week ago

Bullshit. Our bodies need regular exposure to the more common germs and regional bacterias, many of which are spread by human contact. Without regular exposure, immune systems can not develop properly. This is why children raised in hyper-clean or isolated environments tend to have weaker immune systems.

It's also one of the three primary factors contributing to my one-in-a-million freak-of-nature good health. I shower daily using ordinary soap but I never use anti-bacterial anything. I clean virtually every surface in my house with plain water.

The other two factors are that I take no meds of any kind and I have my workout routine down to a science.

[-] 1 points by grapes (3261) 1 week ago

There is some truth to what you wrote but there are virulent germs, too, such as Ebola. I bet you do NOT want to be immunized against it in the natural way - by catching it. For virulent germs, vaccines are needed. Good sanitary practices are also advisable as are people being well-nourished and healthy. I believe in BOTH ancient and modern medicines. I believe that India's huge population testifies to its cumulative abilities of warding off diseases for millennia as is true for China. Their ancient practices may be lacking scientific proofs but they deserve to be examined under the light of science. For example, acupuncture was such a practice that western science derided but eventually discovered the basis of - endorphins.

India also has a very rigid caste system. There were many conquests of India by foreigners. I believe that the caste system was instituted because of the conquests as well as due to major disease outbreaks. It was probably an ignorant and misguided but still correct empirical cultural legacy of ancient disease prevention. "Namaste" no-contact greeting may be similar.

[-] 2 points by StillModestCapitalist (420) 1 week ago

I have no desire to catch Ebola and I have absolutely no fear whatsoever that I ever will. I'm more likely to get blown up by a water heater. But if I ever did, I would certainly be one of the double digit percentage to recover.

Believe me when I tell you that my immune system is out of this world. I use no pills, powders, supplements, creams, topical or internal treatments of any kind. If I get cut on a rusty nail, a dirty pipe, or a jag of concrete, (it happens in my line of work), I just give it a quick rinse, throw on a band-aid and forget about it. The same goes for burns, bee stings, scrapes, ect. They never get infected and heal quickly every single time. I don't even get the flu. This is no accident and it's no coincidence.

I do have a question for you. What in your opinion prevented the black plague from wiping out the human race?

[-] 1 points by grapes (3261) 1 week ago

Diversity but mainly Felis Domestica - the house cats eating mice and rats. Look at ancient Egyptian cosmetic practices. They have painted black stripes around their eyes looking just like cats. The sphinx is a cat. The cats guarded the grain stores of ancient Egyptians and enabled the Gift of the Nile to feed a great population.

Europeans believed wrongly that cats were evil and suffered the consequences. "Americans" may be doing the same thing with our complacencies and misguided beliefs. History seems fractal because there are simple natural laws.

[-] 3 points by turbocharger (1445) 1 week ago

Personally I like cats. My sidekick Albert is a trip.

[-] 1 points by grapes (3261) 1 week ago

There are ancient myths surrounding cats but I think they hold some grains of truth. For example, if you store food, cats will guard them so cats bring prosperity, at least warding off famine or the plague.

I do not feel bad about meeting a feral cat in NYC because I saw many mice and rats. It was simply safeguarding our neighborhoods. Cats kill mice. Mice eat food. People have cats. People eat food and stroke the warm soft fur of their cats. Cats purr. People and cats are content. Few mice and plagues. These are simple natural laws.

[-] -2 points by DKAtoday (26046) from Coon Rapids, MN 1 week ago

Cats are hell on bird populations too.

Cats fighting the good fight against the plague and bird flu too.

Who knew?

I'm gonna go and get me a dozen of em - I will be forever safe from disease.

YAY

[-] 1 points by grapes (3261) 1 week ago

Cats indirectly built the only remaining still-standing wonder of the ancient world - the Great Pyramids. Cats indirectly provided political stability by controlling the rodents, the infectious diseases, and keeping grains not eaten by rodents but saving them for people. Well-fed people were content and could work to build pyramids over long periods of time.

It is fitting that the sphinx statute guarding the pyramids was of a cat. There were cat-headed deities, and cat-faced facial cosmetic practices in ancient Egypt. Pussy power forever - Meow, Meow, Meow!

[-] -3 points by DKAtoday (26046) from Coon Rapids, MN 1 week ago

One of the longest running shows on Broadway?

[-] 1 points by grapes (3261) 1 week ago

Yes, then there was also the dark, scary, and sexy movie "Cat People," too. The "birds harboring flu" and "fruitbats harboring Ebola" will be kept in check.

[-] 2 points by StillModestCapitalist (420) 1 week ago

That's a good theory but what prevented the Black Plague from wiping out Europe?

[-] 0 points by grapes (3261) 1 week ago

Ultimately quarantine but that has already been proven unworkable in Liberia. We are flying Ebola non-stop, latest known flight being from Cleveland, Ohio to Dallas, Texas.

[-] 1 points by StillModestCapitalist (420) 1 week ago

Gee what a shock.

[-] 1 points by grapes (3261) 1 week ago

Shock kills. Ebola virus disease often induces shock.

[Removed]

[-] 1 points by grapes (3261) 2 months ago

We ARE already in the New Globalized Age! Our only hope is walls for germs but no walls for sympathy, compassion, and respect.

[-] 1 points by grapes (3261) 2 months ago

Could it be that the nurses are farther removed from the paramedics on the frontline of fighting diseases so they feel safer and more relaxed? In EU's responses to Russia's being on the prowl, the ones farthest from Russia such as France and the Netherlands were the most nonchalant about meeting the threat but the ones which could feel the hot moist breaths of the polar bear were more agitated.

Behaviors of the nurses will probably improve after a major outbreak of infectious disease at Brooklyn Hospital which shows that they are really right on the frontline. All patients should insist on their healthcare providers follow hygienic procedures meticulously between consecutive patients. Sometimes, your and others' lives are at stake.

[-] 1 points by pigeonlady (201) from Brooklyn, NY 2 months ago

They're handling the same people. Incoming patients transported via ambulance are not bathed or disinfected before arrival. Nurses are not really removed from the contact with bacteria. Perceptual.

[-] 1 points by grapes (3261) 2 months ago

Yes, indeed, perception IS reality until reality pokes through to change perception.

[-] 1 points by grapes (3261) 1 week ago

If Ebola is classified as a BSL-4 pathogen, how can every hospital with an emergency room in the U.S. be upgraded to handle BSL-4? The Dallas Thomas Eric Duncan case was not handled according to Ebola-Zaire's handling requirements. Are we not woefully unprepared by not adhering to requirements?

Here is an account about the Reston hot zone incident. Let everyone judge for themselves whether the disease went airborne or not.

[-] 1 points by grapes (3261) 2 weeks ago

NASA astronaut had visor-fogged-up problem. Ebola health care workers' goggles have the same fogging-up problem. Let NASA tell the health care workers its solution for the problem. Also underwater divers smear spit into their masks to prevent them from fogging up so some surfactant solution like detergent in de-ionized water plus glycerol to retain moisture may suffice to prevent fogging.

Seeing better allows working better and safer.

[-] 1 points by MattHolck0 (1729) 2 months ago

ZMapp uses an approach called passive immunotherapy. Instead of having a vaccine stimulate the immune system to make antibodies that attack the virus, passive immunotherapy simply supplies the antibodies to the patients. For some infectious diseases, these antibodies are extracted from the blood of patients who have survived the infection and presumably have effective antibodies.

ZMapp instead consists of antibodies that are made by exposing mice to a key Ebola protein and harvesting their antibodies. Those antibodies are then genetically modified to make them more like human antibodies and therefore less likely to provoke an immune reaction if injected into people.

Ebola Therapy From an Obscure Biotech Firm Is Hurried Along

[-] 2 points by grapes (3261) 2 months ago

Here is another U.S.-government funded potential Ebola treatment: FDA relaxed clinical hold on Canadian (Vancouver) company Tekmira with a candidate Ebola treatment.

[-] 1 points by grapes (3261) 2 months ago

The Ebola crisis afflicting repatriated U.S. citizens (Kent Brantly and Nancy Writebol) put pressure on the U.S. to come up with the best-hope treatment it has. It is definitely a step in the correct direction towards a treatment but it may well be too little and too late for the current outbreak of Ebola in West Africa.

The best-hope ZMapp treatment has not even completed Phase I of the three-phase trials required by the FDA. Phase I assesses in closely monitored medical environment the toxicity of the treatment in a number of healthy human individuals. Kent Brantly and Nancy Writebol were very sick individuals, definitely not healthy, and their number being two is too low to assess toxicity for larger diverse human population. Their participations in the best-hope ZMapp treatment were a desperate measure of last resort. ZMapp, even if it were to have passed all three-phase trials of the FDA would still have great difficulty of scaling up production quickly. Imagine watching the tobacco plants grow to produce the monoclonal antibodies. This reminds me of the saying, "watching the grass grow." It is not comforting if life depends on it. Compare the growth rate of the number of infected individuals still alive with the rate of growth and number of the tobacco plants after inoculating them after several weeks. The current Ebola crisis is unlikely to be stopped by these tobacco plants. Fast identification, early supportive therapy, contact tracing, isolation, and quarantines are probably the methods that may be successful.

[-] 1 points by grapes (3261) 2 months ago

Wearing protective goggles/glasses and facial masks may help protect against airborne Ebola droplets of moisture because seeing and breathing can expose the mucous membranes in the eyes and airways.

Dr Gary Kobinger: we saw a lot of evidence in the lungs of the non-human primates that the virus got in that way.

[-] 1 points by grapes (3261) 3 months ago

Should we treat our farms and hospitals as bioweapon factories?

[-] 0 points by DKAtoday (26046) from Coon Rapids, MN 3 months ago

Might not be a bad cautionary action to consider - hazmat suits and self contained air supply when visiting either.

[-] 3 points by trashyharry (2781) from Waterville, NY 3 months ago

Survivaball !

[-] 1 points by grapes (3261) 2 months ago

We all have a bit of Venetian nobility at heart, don't we? Get Beethoven's Ninth and get it on. I am going Hindu with my hands (namaskar), though, to form a good habit while I am still sober.

It intrigues me whether the Hindus developed their greeting due to the existence of the "Untouchable" caste amongst them or they had actually lived through pandemics before and got wiser.

[-] 3 points by trashyharry (2781) from Waterville, NY 2 months ago

Looking at Venice on Google Maps is an addicting pastime.About the great Venetian mercantile empire,I know very little.It was my understanding that the great fortunes of the Venetian Elites were destroyed by profligate heirs who were devoted to gambling.I can't relate to such people,unless they suffered from clinical depression,which is quite possible.On the subject of Mudra,not much is known because the practice is so ancient.Your supposition that it may have developed due to something in the environment is an intelligent conjecture,IMHO.

[-] 1 points by grapes (3261) 2 months ago

Why 'Namaskar' and not a 'hand shake'?

The "black rays emitted from the hand of a person having distress of negative energy" almost seem a picture of really bad germs and infection directions. It might have been a pre-germ spiritual theory that has modern germ theory support. It is remarkable!

[-] 3 points by trashyharry (2781) from Waterville, NY 2 months ago

Agreed.The Ayurvedic Tradition is an intriguing window into seemingly endless possibility.More proof that another world is possible.

[-] 1 points by grapes (3261) 2 months ago

Absolutely, we must, however, remember to put the tradition through the strict filter of the scientific method of large-scale (long-term if necessary) randomized double-blind controlled studies before widespread adoption unless they can already be well understood by established scientific knowledge.

Traditional knowledge can provide good hypotheses but they can also be garbage. Rigorous scientific proof is still needed.

[-] 1 points by trashyharry (2781) from Waterville, NY 2 months ago

"Food for thought,grounds for further investigation."

[-] 1 points by grapes (3261) 2 months ago

Yes, we need to understand that the vocabularies of traditions often require interpretation in modern context because the ancient ones often have much empirical knowledge but they tend not to have discovered our integrated body of knowledge spanning multiple disciplines. They may have foresight but we have hindsight and with effort and humility, allsight.

[-] 1 points by trashyharry (2781) from Waterville, NY 2 months ago

Ibid.

[-] -1 points by shortNbaldNfatBUTSexy (-79) from New York, NY 2 months ago

Ibot.

You bid, I bot.

[-] 2 points by trashyharry (2781) from Waterville, NY 2 months ago

I'm sorry.I don't understand your response.Is that a joke,or some kind of a suggestion that you.or I,or someone else is a simulated user AKA 'bot?" If you think I am a "bot," or someone else is,why not just say so? If your response is a whimsical joke,I must say that I think you can do better than a mere 4 words.Are ye a wordsmith? Where be thy curlicues?

[-] 0 points by shortNbaldNfatBUTSexy (-79) from New York, NY 2 months ago

Just a simple joke. No meaning.

[-] 1 points by MattHolck0 (1729) 2 months ago

lacked content

the number that died of ebola is slightly less than the number that died in the gaza bombing

should we be scared ?

[-] 0 points by grapes (3261) 3 months ago

Can we have rapid disinfecting of air instead of the often bulky self contained air supply?

[-] -1 points by DKAtoday (26046) from Coon Rapids, MN 3 months ago

As far as hospitals go - it is possible to set-up disinfecting stations at every entry exit intersection between wards or hallways or patient room and hallway or entry exit between the building and the outside world itself. One such is no more than high power black lights to shine from above below and from each side - people walk through the light field and bugs are killed while passing through.

And I don't see why that could not also be done for entering and exiting animal housing - like milking stations or hen houses or

So take it further and they could be set up at every point of exit and entry into and out of a country or state = train stations or air-ports etc

[-] 1 points by grapes (3261) 3 months ago

We should probably have sinks, hot water, and paper towels at every entry/exit of the farm or hospital. A chemical bath with showered disinfectant can work, too. Black light may take a while to work and besides, there may be unexposed areas.

[-] -1 points by DKAtoday (26046) from Coon Rapids, MN 3 months ago

Thing about disinfectants - with regular use they can lower the bodies natural immune system and like overuse of antibiotics - germs can become resistant = mersa.

[-] 1 points by grapes (3261) 3 months ago

If everyone has their own hazmat suit, they can avoid having the disinfectants affecting their immune system. With the black light, we may design the hazmat suit to fluoresce so we can see which area is unexposed.

It is not just MRSA we need to worry about. There are also multi-drug-resistant TB, avian flu, SARS, polio, foot-and-mouth disease, etc.

[-] -2 points by DKAtoday (26046) from Coon Rapids, MN 3 months ago

That is why finding alternatives to drugs and disinfectants where ever possible would be a good thing - and certain wave lengths of light seem to be able to kill germs without the germs adapting.

[-] 1 points by grapes (3261) 3 months ago

The only problem is that in many ways our own cells are just like germs so the same wavelength light may kill them or turn them cancerous.

The classic disinfecting instrument in a clinic is an autoclave that kills by heat. Perhaps a hot-water-disinfected hazmat suit can work.

[-] -2 points by DKAtoday (26046) from Coon Rapids, MN 3 months ago

For workers that might be practical - but light would still be more effective than hot water - some germs "can" survive some really hot water - even the ones that can't need the water to be at least 200 degrees F to kill em.

[-] 1 points by grapes (3261) 3 months ago

Very true indeed. The "temperature" of some wavelength light can be far "hotter" than boiling water.