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Forum Post: The Republican Conspiracy Has Worked

Posted 6 years ago on Jan. 29, 2014, 3:44 p.m. EST by LeoYo (5909)
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The Republican Conspiracy Has Worked

Wednesday, 29 January 2014 15:08 By The Daily Take, The Thom Hartmann Program | Op-Ed


State of the Union: Obama's Underwhelming Plan to Tackle Inequality

Wednesday, 29 January 2014 13:11 By Lynn Parramore, AlterNet | Op-Ed


Obama's Minimum Wage Hike Excludes Hundreds of Thousands Fed Contractor Workers

Wednesday, 29 January 2014 11:26 By Jessica Desvarieux, The Real News Network | Video Interview


Obama's Address Fails to Look at Roots of Income Inequality

Wednesday, 29 January 2014 11:13 By Jessica Desvarieux, The Real News Network | Video Interview


The Stealth Privatization of Pennsylvania's Bridges

Wednesday, 29 January 2014 09:02 By Ellen Dannin, Truthout | News


Pennsylvania Gov. Tom Corbett's administration has decided to sign a 40-year contract to privatize the state's crumbling bridges, but there has been little to no media coverage of the deal and what it will mean for two generations of Pennsylvanians.

At midnight of January 20, 2014, the Pittsburgh Post-Gazette announced that the administration of Gov. Tom Corbett finally decided to take action on the state's crumbling bridges. The action it is taking is to sign a 40-year contract to privatize Pennsylvania bridges.

The word privatization does not appear in any of the announcements. Instead, PennDOT refers to the project as a public-private partnership. However, whether called a PPP, P3, public-private partnership, contracting out or privatization, the result is the same. Infrastructure privatization - that is privatization of roads, bridges, parking garages, parking meters, airports and the like - involves signing a contract, generally for a term of 30 to 99 years.

In the case of Pennsylvania's bridges, the private contractor takes on responsibility for designing, constructing, financing and operating bridges for up to 40 years. [PennDOT, McCalls] Experience with infrastructure privatization shows what we can expect as the bridge privatization proceeds.

Pennsylvania will hire a privatization industry insider as a consultant to advise the state. International firms such as Mayer Brown, Morgan Stanley and Macquarie frequently are hired to act as the consultant and, in other cases, will sit on the other side of the table as the private contractor. Consultants often are paid a "success fee" if a privatization agreement is reached. The success fee will motivate the adviser to recommend privatizing.

The public tends to grumble about paying tolls, but that misses bigger issues, such as the contract's adverse-action rights. Adverse-action rights give the contractor the right to be paid compensation whenever an action lowers the amount of money the private contractor expects to receive.

Chicagoans already have expensive - and extensive - experience with adverse-action compensation as a result of privatizing the city's parking meters and garages. Chicago has been in litigation over whether it must pay adverse-action compensation because the city built a new parking garage near a privatized parking garage. Chicago has been liable for adverse-action compensation when it has had to put its parking meters out of service - as, for example, when it has had to close a block to do repairs on streets or water and other underground systems.

Privatization has created such a complex system of contractor rights that Chicago's inspector general has created a detailed document to explain the rights and obligations that have emerged from the privatization of Chicago's parking meter and to control the costs privatization creates.

There is no question that the November PennDOT announcement should have been big news months ago, because the state finally announced it was taking action on its dangerous bridges and because it was planning to privatize Pennsylvania's bridges for 40 years. These are certainly issues Pennsylvanians care about, yet there has been almost no media coverage concerning the decision to privatize the state's bridges.

The decision whether to privatize Pennsylvania's bridges for 40 years rather than repair and rebuild them deserves wide and thoughtful discussion instead of silence. Here are some questions that Pennsylvanians and their representatives need to ask and to press for answers to:

  1. What is the real cost of privatization? Will the deal really cost less than the traditional way of building and repairing bridges - that is, hiring private firms as consultants, engineers and construction crews to do the repair work while the people of Pennsylvania retain control and ownership of the bridges?

  2. Once the government and private contractor sign their 40-year deal, the people of Pennsylvania will have to live under a 40-year monopoly contract that will cost the state money any time it needs to make a change. What will the privatization contract say about adverse action and other contractor rights?

  3. Forty years is two generations, and there likely will be many unanticipated situations the contract does not cover. For example, how will developments in transportation technology affect the bridges? Will Pennsylvanians have to pay adverse-action compensation because the contract terms don't cover new technology or other changes? If PennDOT starts making changes outside the contract, how will it affect the parties' costs and responsibilities? Any adjustments once the contract is signed will become particularly expensive, because locking the state into such a long contract takes away the state's bargaining power.

  4. Right-to-know rights currently give the public the right to ask for public records. How will the public's right to know be affected once bridge-related activities become confidential, private business practices?

Copyright, Truthout.



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[-] 2 points by LeoYo (5909) 6 years ago

How Thousands of Chemicals Can Hide in Your Drinking Water

Wednesday, 29 January 2014 10:15 By Kevin Mathews, Care2 | Op-Ed


It turns out that public drinking water is not as well inspected as we may have imagined. As NPR reports, when scientists run tests on water to check for the presence of chemicals, they’re looking for specific kinds. Unfortunately, with tens of thousands of kinds of chemicals in existence, only a tiny fraction are being looked for at any given point, meaning that an array of other chemicals could easily go undetected for long periods of time.

Let’s not break into mass hysteria, though. Just because chemicals could be hiding in our water doesn’t mean that it’s common. Most drinking water is perfectly safe. However, this vulnerability in the testing system does indicate that Americans should rethink how we handle and test water that has been potentially compromised.

This tragic flaw was put on display this month after chemicals got in West Virginia’s water supply. Although officials were concerned about one specific chemical, it was only much later that a second chemical was discovered present in the water, as well. Had that second chemical continued to have gone undetected, dangerous water could have been declared “safe” prematurely. (To be honest, it seems like they might have done that anyway.)

Brent Fewell, a vice president at United Waters, explains that the laboratories were probably so caught up in looking for the known chemical in the water that it didn’t bother to see if any other contaminants could be found.

Though Fewell acknowledges that laboratories could theoretically do blanket tests for every known chemical, it isn’t feasible practice from a financial standpoint. “To expect a water company to monitor for thousands of chemicals, it just is not practical and it would be cost-prohibitive,” he said.

Ultimately it raises the question: if even extreme cases of tainted water aren’t being examined carefully, when exactly is this technology being used?

As for the cost factor, it’s probably worth exploring whether it’s actually not affordable, or if companies just don’t want to have to pay for it. After all, corporate America has a history of trying to skirt safety issues in order to maximize every ounce of profit. Cutting corners may be the “free market” approach, but when it leaves communities vulnerable, it’s time to consider stricter regulations.

If corporations, the main culprits of leaking chemicals into the water/environment, were held more accountable for their practices, there would be less of a need to regularly test the water for thousands of chemicals in the first place. Thus far, there have been few consequences for West Virginia’s chemical leaker, Freedom Industries, which certainly doesn’t motivate similar companies to step up their games.

One thing is certain, though: bottled water is not the solution. While it may be scary to think about potential chemicals in tap water, you’ll be no safer going the wasteful, plastic route. As Beth Buczynski writes, tap water is surprisingly cleaner than bottled water on the whole. In fact, testing and standards are actually lower when it comes to the quality of bottled water. Considering that undetected chemicals could seep into a bottled water company’s water (which often is just taken from municipal supplies anyway) just as easily, there’s no reason to make the switch.

This piece was reprinted by Truthout with permission or license.

[-] 2 points by LeoYo (5909) 6 years ago

Although it still takes a long time, I can finally login to my primary account again.

[-] 1 points by struggleforfreedom90 (-1) 6 years ago

Woo Hoo!